Notes: A dramatic and important manuscript documenting Jewish efforts to create a homeland in Palestine through the acquisition of property and the settlement of Jewish farmers on the land. Measuring 33 by 24 inches, this handwritten list identifies Jewish colonies established in Palestine and supported by the Rothschild family to spur a Jewish homeland.
The PJCA (also known as the PICA, from its Yiddish acronym) was formed in 1924 by combining earlier entities. This listing of 58 colonies made (based on internal evidence) in late 1927 or early 1928 includes the year each colony's land was acquired (between 1878 and 1927), the year of settlement, the number of families living in the colony, cultivated area, availability of water, and average costs in seven accounting categories. Most of the entries are accompanied by notes on the crops in cultivation and unique details about the colony.
In the upper right is a note: "5 copies. Orig & carbon to J.A." The intended recipient is probably James Armand (de Rothschild), who managed the PICA from its establishment to his death in 1957, when all the land was donated to the state of Israel. Armand was a British citizen and an MP from 1929 to 1945. A later note under the title states "furnished by Victor Konn," who worked for PICA in Palestine.
PROVENANCE: Acquired from an Oakland, California bookstore. Since this list was prepared for a British citizen, it seems likely that is was not caught up in the Nazi appropriation of Jewish property on the Continent during the Second World War.
Edition + Condition: Assembled from four sheets glued together; old folds with minor loss at the centers. A few later notes in red and regular pencil.
Publication: (N.-pl.): Palestine Jewish Colonization Association, [1927-28].
Item No: #3448